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Stupidity is a lack of intelligence, understanding, reason, wit, or sense.

Stupidity is a quality or state of being stupid, or an act or idea that exhibits properties of being stupid.[1] The root word stupid,[2] which can serve as an adjective or noun itself, comes from the Latin verb stupere, for being numb or astonished, and is related to stupor.[3]

According to the online Merriam-Webster dictionary, the words "stupid" and "stupidity" entered the English language in 1541. Since then, stupidity has taken place along with "fool," "idiot," "dumb," "moron," and related concepts as a pejorative appellation for human misdeeds, whether purposeful or accidental, due to absence of mental capacity.

The modern English word "stupid" has a broad range of application, from being slow of mind (indicating a lack of intelligence, care or reason), dullness of feeling or sensation (torpidity, senseless, insensitivity), or lacking interest or point (vexing, exasperating). It can either infer a congenital lack of capacity for reasoning, or a temporary state of daze or slow-mindedness.

== In science and research ==
There are Ig Nobel Prizes for trivial research in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace, public health, engineering, biology, mathematics, veterinary medicine. Awarded topics have included cows with names give more milk than cows that are nameless, or creating diamond film from tequila, or determining why pregnant women do not tip over.
More socially harmful stupidity is academic stupidity, defined as "Academic Research Illusion", "deluding by creating illusory ideas", "considered scientific (magical) by laymen (naive observers)", "something what is false", "erroneous mental representation" [1]
It is when the quality of research is measured by the number of papers published, instead of the quality of the content produced, its correctness, importance, novelty, and originality. Such widely supported by funding agencies paper-count policy schemes are resulted in foolish things:
Encouraging superficial research of hastily written, shallow (and often incorrect) papers lacking quality, value or sense;
Encouraging extra large groups of academics;
Encouraging repetition of the same ideas in many conferences and journals;
Encouraging small, insignificant, and trivial studies;
Rewarding publication of half-baked ideas. [2]

There are also the The Darwin Awards, a tongue-in-cheek honour named after evolutionary theorist Charles Darwin.
The Awards honour people who ensure the long-term survival of the human race by removing themselves from the gene pool in a sublimely idiotic fashion.

In politicsEdit

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Robert J. Sternberg notes that many politicians have acted in ways that were stupid despite indications of general intelligence.[4] He argues that there is an inherent psychological drive causing some acts of stupidity.

==In comedy==
The fool or buffoon has been a central character in much comedy. Alford and Alford found that humor based on stupidity was prevalent in "more complex" societies as compared to some other forms of humor.[5] Some analysis of Shakespeare's comedy has found that his characters tend to hold mutually contradictory positions; because this implies a lack of careful analysis it indicates stupidity on their part.[6] Today there is a wide array of television shows that showcase stupidity such as The Simpsons.[7] Famous fictional characters whose comedy is based on stupidity are Homer Simpson, Chief Wiggum, Goofy, the title characters of Mr. Bean, Dumb and Dumber, Family Guy, Laurel and Hardy, Ren and Stimpy, and MTV's Beavis and Butt-head, as well as Officer Barbrady of South Park, Patrick Star of SpongeBob SquarePants, Baldrick of Blackadder, Cody of Step by Step (TV series), and Rantanplan of Lucky Luke.

Group stupidityEdit

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The group intelligence (group mind, collective intelligence, crowd wisdom) implies collectively solving complex problems by means of networked ICT (as the Internet and Web) resulting in enhancing individual minds and self-identity. Its opposite, group stupidity is known as deindividuation in crowds, and can lead to behaviors usually not displayed outside the specific social situation. The behaviors are attributed to a variety of causes, including loss of self-concept, incentives to conform to group behavior, and other dynamics.[8]

==Literature review==
The first book in English on stupidity was A Short Introduction to the History of Stupidity by Walter B. Pitkin (1932):


According to In Search of Stupidity: Over Twenty Years of High Tech Marketing Disasters, (2003) by Merrill R. Chapman:


"While In Search of Excellence turned out to be a fraud, In Search of Stupidity is genuine, and no names have been changed to protect the guilty." according to one reviewer.[9]

Other books on stupidity include, The Dumbest Generation: How the Digital Age Stupefies Young Americans and Jeopardizes Our Future (Or, Don't Trust Anyone Under 30) (2008) by Mark Bauerlein and The Encyclopedia of Stupidity (2005) by Matthijs van Boxsel. Several books on stupidity have published in German, including Lob der Dummheit (In Praise of Stupidity) by Lutz Walther and Über die Dummheit (About Stupidity) by Horst Geyer.

== Stupidity awards ==
There are the World Stupidity Awards granted in several categories: statement, situation, trend, achievement; man, movie, and media outlet

==See also==
* Bounded rationality
* Borderline intellectual functioning
* Darwin Awards
* Genius
* Hanlon's razor
* Idiot (person)
* Ignorance
* Illusory superiority
* Irrationality
* World Stupidity Awards
* Pigasus Award

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  4. Sternberg, Robert J. Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid. Yale University Press, 2003.
  5. Finnegan Alford; Richard Alford. A Holo-Cultural Study of Humor. Ethos 9(2), pg 149-164.
  6. N Frye. A Natural Perspective: The Development of Shakespearean Comedy and Romance. Columbia University Press, 1995.
  7. R Hobbs. The Simpsons Meet Mark Twain: Analyzing Popular Media Texts in the Classroom. The English Journal, 1998.
  8. Reicher, S.D., R. Spears, and T. Postmes. A Social Identity Model of Deindividuation Phenomena. European Review of Social Psychology 6, 1995.

== Further reading ==
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==External links==
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* In praise of irrationality
* "Unskilled and unaware of it: How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments" The authors received the 2000 Ig Nobel Prize in psychology.
* The Power of Stupidity by Giancarlo Livraghi, a series of nine papers on the nature of human stupidity.
* Understanding Stupidity by James F Welles, Ph.D.
scn:Minchiunarìa (minchiunatura)

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